Operation Avalanche background

salerno plansOperation Avalanche (3 September 1943 – 16 September 1943) was the Allied landing on mainland Italy, The main invasion force landed around Salerno on the western coast.



Read more: Operation Avalanche background

Salerno

salerno cemetryThe main invasion at Salerno by the U.S. 5th Army - began on 9 September, and in order to secure surprise, the decision had been taken to assault without preliminary naval or aerial bombardment. However, tactical surprise was not achieved, as the naval commanders had predicted. As the first wave of the U.S. 36th Infantry Division approached the shore at Paestum a loudspeaker from the landing area proclaimed in English: "Come on in and give up. We have you covered." The Allied troops attacked nonetheless.

Read more: Salerno

Paestum

paestum communication temple

On September 9, 1943, Paestum was the location of the landing beaches of the U.S. 36th Infantry Division during the Allied invasion of Italy. German forces resisted the landings from the outset, causing heavy fighting within and around the town. Combat persisted around the town for nine days before the Germans withdrew to the north.

Read more: Paestum

Eboli

Eboli Ruins

Along with the 3rd Division, which had just landed, and, as one of the few "fresh" units available, 2nd Battalion was given the task of pushing inland out of the beachhead in pursuit of the retreating enemy. They moved through Battipaglia, a town totally destroyed in which each single building had been reduced to flat, dusty rubble. Eboli a few miles away was almost as badly devastated.

Read more: Eboli

Persano

PersanoNear Persano stood a tobacco factory which was like a revolving door: after first being attacked on the September 11 by the 157th Regiment, it changed hands twice the following day before coming under American control. On September 13 a strong German counterattack recaptured the tobacco factory, and they remained unshakable there for five more days and in so doing were able to block any American advance further inland.

Read more: Persano

More Articles...

  1. Pompei

Page 1 of 2